The garlic plant is one of about 700 species of the Allium (onion) genus.
It's a perennial with a single stem and green, long, narrow and flat leaves.
The flowers are green-white to pink, arranged in an umbel at the top of the stem.
The bulb is encased in a papery white or pink skin.
It's composed of 10-12 bulblets, also known as cloves.
All parts of the garlic plant have a very strong and distinctive taste.
Garlic is widely used for medicinal and culinary purposes all over the world. It enhances the flavours of most meats, seafoods, and vegetables.
It mixes well with most kitchen herbs, and is an essential ingredient in many vinegar recipes. Also used to flavour schnapps, vodka and liqueurs.
Garlic contains iron and vitamins, and is mildly antibiotic. Used in acne treatments and in various dietary supplements and herbal remedies.