The plum tree is a deciduous tree - sometimes thorny - growing to a height of approx. 12 meters.
It belongs to the same genus (Prunus) as peach, cherry, apricot, almond and sloe (blackthorn).
There are thousands of varieties of plums.
The green leaves vary in shape, but are usually elliptic to oblong with finely serrated edges.
Clusters of white flowers are followed by round or egg shaped fruits.
Depending on the variety, the fruits are green, yellow, blue, red, deep purple or blue-black.
The fruits are usually very delicious, sweet and juicy. They have a smooth, thin skin.
Each variety has its own taste and flavour.
Plums are one of the most cultivated fruits in the world.
Wild plums such as cherry plums (Prunus cerasifera) grow in windbreaks, hedges, shrubs, open woods and wood edges. Here in Denmark, cherry plums are common throughout the country.
Plums can be eaten fresh or used in jams, marmalades, sauces, stews, stuffings, desserts, and cakes.
Plums are also made into wine, liqueurs and spirits, such as the Slivovitz plum brandies from Eastern Europe and the Balkans.
Prunes are dried plums, and both are a good source of vitamin A and fibre.